Research Article - Biomedical Research (2017) Volume 28, Issue 18
Effects of health education intervention at gestation period on pregnancy outcome of diabetes mellitus patients
Objective: To observe and analyse the impact of health education intervention on pregnancy outcomes of pregnant women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM).
Methods: 120 patients with GDM who treated in our hospital from January 2015 to May 2017 were selected as the subjects of this study. Patients were randomly divided into the study group and control group with 60 cases in each group. Patients in control group were treated with routine nursing measures while the study group was given health education intervention followed by routine nursing. With the implementation of different programs of care, the pregnancy outcomes in two groups were respectively observed and summarized.
Results: Study group turned out to be superior to the control group in indexes including control rate of glucose, lifestyle change and cognition rate of related knowledge on gestational diabetes; incidences of premature birth, postpartum hemorrhage, hydramnion, fetal distress, and urinary infection of study group were significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.05); incidences of hyperbilirubinemia, severe asphyxia, neonatal hypoglycemia and pneumonia in perinatal baby were significantly lower in study group than in control group (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Health education intervention has positive effects on pregnancy outcomes of patients with GDM.Author(s): Jinglan Liu, Xianjing Xie, Yuna Guo