Biomedical Research

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Effects of comprehensive nursing on the pain and joint functional recovery of patients with hip replacements

Objective: This study aims to explore the effects of comprehensive nursing on the pain and joint functional recovery of patients with hip replacements.

Methods: A total of 100 patients with artificial hip replacements in our hospital were selected from January 2015 to September 2016. Using the random number method, we divided the patients into the control and observation groups, with 50 patients in each group. The patients in the control group underwent routine nursing care, whereas the patients in the observation group received comprehensive nursing intervention. The patient indices were compared between the two groups.

Results: The visual analog scale (VAS) scores of the patients at different times showed statistically significant differences between the control and observation groups (P<0.05). The numerical value in the observation group was lower than that in the control group. After q test, the numerical values of the patients at different time points showed significant differences between the two groups (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the VAS scores of the patients in the two groups decreased with time. The exercise compliance and satisfaction degree scores between the observation and control groups revealed significant differences (t=8.366, 16.268, P<0.05). The incidence rates of adverse reaction also showed significant differences between the groups (χ2=7.162, P<0.05). The hip ranges of motion within the 7-day postoperative period did not generally differ significantly between the control and observation groups. However, the flexion, backward extension, abduction, and adduction of the patients in the 7-day postoperative period significantly differed (P>0.05). Moreover, the data in the 3-month postoperative period were higher than those of the 7-day postoperative stage. The data from the observation group were higher than those from the control group within the 3-month postoperative period, and the difference was significant (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The comprehensive nursing intervention positively influenced the alleviation of postoperative pain in patients with hip joint replacements. Such intervention could also improve patients’ compliance with rehabilitative exercises and accelerate hip joint functional recovery. Thus, such approach merits promotion in large clinical settings.

Author(s): Ying Qi, Song-Nan Hao, Jing Zhang, Cheng-Bin Zhao, Yong-Yun Lian