Objectives: To explore the role of basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF) overexpression in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells on the repair of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in rats.
Result: We found that the engrafted Bone Marrow Mesenchyme Stem Cells (BMSCs) survived in the rat lung tissues. The Oxygen Partial Pressure (PO2) and Blood Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) values in the Protein C (PC) group, M group, P group, and B group were lower than those in the Nucleated Cells (NC) group. The number of White Blood Cells (WBC) and Neutrophils (N) in the NC, M, P, and B groups were significantly lower than in the PC group. Emphysema was observed in the PC, M, P, and B groups. The MAN, MAA and MLI values in the M, P and B groups were improved compared to the PC group.
Conclusions: Our findings revealed that transplantation therapy using BMSCs overexpressing bFGF significantly improved the symptoms of the repair effect compared to the BMSC transplantation group in a rat model of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).