Biomedical Research

- Biomedical Research (2011) Volume 22, Issue 3

Association between glycaemic control and serum lipid profile in type 2 diabetic patients: Glycated haemoglobin as a dual biomarker

Patients with type 2 diabetes have an increased prevalence of lipid abnormalities, contribut-ing to their high risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study is an attempt to evaluate the diagnostic value of Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in predicting diabetic dyslipidemia. Venous blood samples were collected from 294 type 2 diabetic patients. The whole blood and sera were analyzed for HbA1c, fasting blood glucose (FBG) and lipid profile panel test. Dyslipidemia was defined as per the National Cholesterol Education Programme (NCEP) Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III guidelines. Diabetes was defined as per American diabetes association criteria. The statistical analysis was done by SPSS statistical package version 13.0.In our present study 92 (80.70%) females out of 114 and 150 (83.33 %) males out of 180 were found to be dyslipidemic. HbA1c demonstrated positive and significant correlations with total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipopro-tein cholesterol (HDL-C) and LDL-C ratio, non-HDL-C and TC/HDL-C ratio. Patients with HbA1c value > 7.0% had significantly higher value of TC, Triacylglycerol (TAG), LDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio, non-HDL-C and TC/HDL-C ratio as compared to the patients with HbA1c ≤ 7.0%. However, there was no significant difference in value of HDL-C between two groups. HbA1c can be used as a potential biomarker for predicting dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetic patients in addition to glycemic control.

Author(s): Ram VinodMahato, Prajwal Gyawali, Pramod Psd. Raut, Prashant Regmi, Khelanand Psd. Singh, Dipendra Raj Pandeya, Prabin Gyawali

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