Research Article - Biomedical Research (2018) Volume 29, Issue 2
Analysis of the clinical effects of using naloxone hydrochloride in emergency treatments of acute alcoholism
Objective: This study aimed to analyse the clinical effects of using naloxone hydrochloride in emergency treatments of acute alcoholism.
Methods: A total of 146 patients admitted between August 2015 and August 2017 in the hospital where the author works were divided into control (n=73) and test (n=73) groups using the odd–even method. Routine and naloxene hydrochloride treatments were administered to the control and test groups, respectively. The clinical effects on the two groups were then compared.
Results: The overall response rate of the test group was significantly higher (P<0.05) than that of the control group. The test group significantly outperformed the control group in terms of onset, symptom remission, and symptom disappearance times. The two groups were also compared in terms of limbmovement recovery time, the time when GCS rating reaches eight points, and the duration of hospitalization. Similarly, the test group again showed a significantly higher (P<0.05) performance than the control group. Furthermore, the test and control groups were compared in terms of negative response rate, wherein no significant difference (P<0.05) was observed.
Conclusions: The use of naloxone hydrochloride in the emergency treatment of acute alcoholism was reliable, effective, and safe. The compound can significantly alleviate the patients’ clinical symptoms and shorten the recovery time. Therefore, further clinical application of naloxone hydrochloride should be promoted.Author(s): Wei Gou, Ling Peng, Qinghua Yang, Lewei Cao