Biomedical Research

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An assessment of the face on Turkish and African students

Introduction: Calculating the values about the human body dimensions and evaluating them is possible by physical anthropometry. Those values are affected by the factors such as ecological, biological, geographic, racial, gender and age.

Method: This study has been carried out on 40 (20 male, 20 female) Turkish and 40 (20 male, 20 female) African students whose ages differed between 18-25 studying in the University of Mevlana and University of Necmettin Erbakan. In the research, the individuals who had been identified with a morphological deformation had a major trauma and plastical or reconstructive surgeries are excluded. The parameters for measurement have been determined as; eye-fissure width (right), eye-fissure width (left), intercanthal distance, outercanthal distance, nose width, nose height, mouth width.

Results: Morphometric parameters belonging to both race males and female ears were compared between genders. Right and left tragus-helix and tragus-antihelix distance of Turkish male individuals were founded significantly lower than African male individuals, right and left lobular width and lobular height were founded significantly higher than African male individuals (p<0.05). Left and right ear length of Turkish female individuals, lobular width and left lobular width were founded significantly higher than African Female individuals (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Consequently, the values we obtained are important for establishing a referential gap between the individuals of Turkish and African races. Also we are of the opinion that those values will be useful to the anatomists in the anatomical education and to the aesthetic surgeons and dentists.

Author(s): Musa Acar, Senay Burcin Alkan, Mahinur Ulusoy, Yasemin Akkubak