Biomedical Research

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A study of the effect of domestic violence on maternal-neonatal attachment in prim gravida women referred to hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

Introduction: Domestic violence during pregnancy is a threat that may affect the relationship of mothers and babies. This study aimed to determine the effect of domestic violence severity on neonatal-maternal attachment.

Materials and Methods: This is an analytic-descriptive study carried out on 150 pregnant women aged between 18 to 35 years by purposive sampling. Research tools included the violence questionnaire and Avant’s checklist. Spearman correlation test was used for data analysis.

Results: No significant difference was reported between maternal-neonatal attachment and total score of violence (p=0.742). However, the correlation between violence and maternal-neonatal attachment was statistically significant in some subtitles. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) showed a statistically significant correlation between maternal-neonatal attachment and social violence (p=0.006). Therefore, based on ttest, no significant difference was reported between maternal anxiety levels and total score of violence (p=0.094).

Conclusion: No significant difference was reported between the maternal-neonatal attachment and mother’s anxiety with total score of violence.

Author(s): Fatemeh Ghodrati, Sara Setodeh, Marzieh Akbarzadeh