Commentary - Otolaryngology Online Journal (2022) Volume 12, Issue 3
Worldwide research on COVID-19 showing the impact on the people suffering from throat and lung infections
Lemony Snicket *
Department of Pulmonology, Newcastle University, England, United Kingdom
- *Corresponding Author:
- Snicket L
Department of Pulmonology
England, United Kingdom
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: 04-Mar-2022, Manuscript No. JORL-22-56553; Editor assigned: 07-Mar-2022, PreQC No. JORL-22-56553(PQ); Reviewed: 21-Mar-2022, QC No. JORL-22- 56553; Revised: 23-Mar-2022, Manuscript No. JORL-22- 56553(R); Published: 30-Mar-2022, DOI:10.35841/2250-03126.96.36.1994
The Coronavirus disorder 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic as a result of the unconventional intense acute respiration syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections has profoundly impacted the healthcare, the economy, and the whole society global. Therefore, 2020 has been a remarkably tough yr characterized via many fundamental and unpredictable changes. On the opposite facet, this extraordinary scenario has posed new challenges to researchers and the entire medical network which are running non-prevent to defeat COVID-19. Absolutely, Otolaryngologists had been the various expert physicians at maximum danger and have been gambling a position of number one importance in the treatment of the signs and symptoms of the top respiratory tract because of SARS-CoV-2 [i.e., odor and flavor dysfunction, and inside the execution of life-saving methods in COVID-19 patients [i.e., tracheostomies]. In line with the pointers launched by way of the global Ear, nostril and Throat (ENT) societies, a huge reorganization worried the top and Neck Departments in lots of Italian hospitals. specifically throughout the primary wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, oncological and emergency surgical strategies and outpatients’ visits were prioritized to restriction the spread of the infection among patients and healthcare workers 
Otolaryngologists-Head and Neck Surgeons had the hazard to accumulate treasured data for a better information of the disease and to provide their enjoy in the execution of invasive examinations/aerosol-generating approaches (AGPs) in COVID-19 patients. In an enormously brief time, scientific journals launched a tremendous amount of articles pertaining the ENT discipline and, seemingly, there was a renewed interest for the forte during the pandemic. Also, Italy became one of the European international locations on the frontlines of COVID-19 research, being the first one to revel in a massive-scale outbreak.
A possible cause of the latest surge of hobby for the ENT specialty is probably given by the vital role performed with the aid of Otolaryngologists in treating the upper airways symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection and in acting life-saving processes (i.e., tracheostomies) in COVID-19 sufferers . Additionally, Head and Neck Departments throughout Italy have been characterized by a reduction inside the variety of elective activities and a reallocation of the employees (15–17) and could consequently dedicate greater time to analyze. Any other explanation for the impulse to the ENT academic manufacturing can be given by means of the reorganization of the residents schooling which had been redirected to didactic and clinical sports, particularly at some point of the first wave of pandemic . Moreover, a fundamental contribution to COVID-19 studies became given with the aid of the societies of younger Otolaryngologists (i.e., young Otolaryngologists of the global Federation of Otolaryngology Societies [Yo-IFOS], Italian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck surgical procedure [SIOeChCF]) who produced a massive range of 86f68e4d402306ad3cd330d005134dac medical papers concerning researchers from several Italian Universities. The subject of principal hobby in the Laryngology literature was that of tracheostomies in COVID-19 sufferers. First, tracheostomy is an AGP that pose a high hazard of contagion to surgeons; consequently, the improvement of tips and safety measures has been very essential for the scientific network . Indications and timing of tracheostomy in COVID-19 acute respiratory misery syndrome (ARDS) stay every other debatable trouble and plenty of articles have been discussing it. Ultimately, laryngological sequalae (i.e., granulomas, tracheomalacia, fistulae and many others.) and airway stenosis because of prolonged intubation and high rate of tracheostomies in COVID-19 patients are one of the primary concerns for the future and one of the most debated subjects inside the present day literature 
The selection to include handiest the ENT departments of the Italian university Hospitals with accredited residency programs considerably restricted the value of this overview, because in Italy there also are ENT departments of non-university Hospitals and studies Institutes which yearly deliver an crucial contribution to the clinical production. But, given the high range and the heterogeneity of those hospitals, it might were difficult to fulfill strict standards and systematically review their work. Additionally, this take a look at assessed simplest the ENT literature, while many other specialties were on the frontlines of clinical studies and ought to deserve further assessment, as nicely .
The ENT academic production on the time of COVID-19 is emblematic of the possibilities endowed through the ENT researchers and the hobby that the scientific network has for the ENT area of expertise. At the equal time, it evidenced the necessity of a higher organization of the academic research at the Italian Universities, which turned into likely restricted through the medical and surgical sports in the pre-COVID-19 technology and ought to deserve greater space each within the branch workload and residency schooling. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic discovered the necessity to talk about greater emerging topics and to offer new answers to a society in constant evolution and that isn't always going to be the same within the publish-COVID-19 world. In the end, the large release of scientific articles has now not constantly been correlated with standards of excellence in studies. But, the scientific network needs quality more than quantity and it is now greater critical than ever to offer most desirable medical indicators and clean solutions to patients’ questions.
- Remuzzi A, Remuzzi G (2020) COVID-19 and Italy: what next?. Lancet 395:1225–1228.
- Zocchi J, Pietrobon G, Moretto S, Bonsembiante A, Mazzola F, et al. (2020) Literature in the time of COVID-19: The “phase two”. Oral Oncol. 109:104837.
- Pichi B, Mazzola F, Bonsembiante A, Petruzzi G, Zocchi J, et al. (2020) CORONA-steps for tracheotomy in COVID-19 patients: A staff-safe method for airway management.. Oral Oncol 105:104682.