Journal of Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine

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Opinion Article - Journal of Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine (2022) Volume 6, Issue 1

What could be causing my musculoskeletal pain?

Janet Poole*

Discipline of Occupational Therapy, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

*Corresponding Author:
Janet Poole
Discipline of Occupational Therapy,
School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin,
Dublin, Ireland

Received: 04-Jan-2022, Manuscript No. AAJPTSM-22-105; Editor assigned: 07-Jan-2022, PreQC No. AAJPTSM-22-105 (PQ); Reviewed: 21-Jan-2022, QC No. AAJPTSM-22-105; Revised: 24-Jan-2022, Manuscript No. AAJPTSM-22-105 (R); Published: 31-Jan-2022, DOI:10.35841/aajptsm-6.1.105

Citation: Poole J. What could be causing my musculoskeletal pain? J Phys Ther Sports Med. 2022;6(1):7-8

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Muscle, bone, ligament, tendon, and nerve pain are all examples of musculoskeletal pain. This discomfort can be felt in only one part of your body, such as your back. If you have a widespread ailment like fibromyalgia, it can affect your entire body. The discomfort might range from minor to severe, interfering with your daily activities. Acute pain is defined as pain that occurs suddenly and lasts for a brief period of time. Chronic pain is defined as pain that lasts for more than three to six months.

Disorders of the musculoskeletal system

These conditions impact the bones, muscles, joints, and ligaments directly. An injury to the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, or ligaments is the most prevalent cause of musculoskeletal discomfort. Accidents, falls, and sports injuries are just a few of the events that can cause pain [1].

There are around 150 different types of musculoskeletal illnesses. The following are a few of the most common:

•Arthritis and autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, osteoarthritis, gout, and ankylosing spondylitis • Osteoporosis

•Scoliosis, which is a problem with the structure of the bones or joints

The most frequent type of musculoskeletal discomfort is low back pain. However, there are other different forms with a variety of possible reasons.

Muscle ache (myalgia): Pain or aches in the soft tissues that connect muscles, bones, and organs are known as myalgia. Injury, infection, cramp or spasm, loss of blood flow to the muscle, disease, certain drugs, or tumour are all possible causes. Ligaments, tendons, soft tissues, organs, and bones are among the body parts that can be affected [2].

Bone ache: Bone pain is frequently caused by trauma such as a fracture or an accident. It could also be caused by an infection, osteoporosis, a tumour that has spread to the bone, or another systemic ailment. Tenderness or soreness at the bone location are signs.

Tendon and ligament pain: Tendon and ligament discomfort is caused by tendinitis or tenosynovitis and is generally caused by a sprain, strain, or inflammation. Ligaments link bones together, while tendons attach muscles to bones. Overuse or an unusual or rapid movement that causes ligaments or tendons to stretch or tear might cause pain in these locations.     

Nerve compression pain: Conditions that impose pressure on nerves, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, and tarsal tunnel syndrome, can cause nerve compression discomfort. Repetitive use of the elbows, as well as other illnesses such as arthritis or gout, can cause pressure.

Symptoms and Signs

The intensity of the pain varies depending on where it is felt

The ache in your bones can be subtle, acute, piercing, or deep. It usually causes more discomfort than muscle or tendon soreness. When a cramp or a forceful muscle contraction, often known as a charley horse, causes muscle discomfort, it can be severe and short-lived. Uncomfortably twitch or contract the muscle. If tendon damage has occurred, the discomfort may be severe. When you move or stretch the afflicted tendon, it usually gets worse, and it gets better with rest. The ache in your joints feels like its aching. It's possible that it'll be accompanied with stiffness and puffiness [3].

Fibromyalgia generates a variety of sore places all throughout the body

Tingling, pins & needles or burning are common symptoms of nerve compression. Other symptoms may include stiffness, soreness, edoema, redness, a cracking or popping sound in the joint, and difficulty moving the affected area, depending on the origin of the pain.


Primary care is a term that refers to the Musculoskeletal discomfort is the most common condition that doctors address. Your care may also include physical therapists, rheumatologists, osteopaths, orthopaedic experts, and other specialists. The treatment you receive is determined by the source of your pain. Treatment options are divided into various categories. Before beginning any treatment, always with your doctor. NSAIDs such aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve), corticosteroid injections into the painful area (depending on the area), opioids (only for more severe pain because of the risk of dependency and side effects)

Therapeutic massage, chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation, and physical therapy are examples of hands-on therapy [4,5].


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  5. Geenen R, Dures E. A biopsychosocial network model of fatigue in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review. Rheumatol. 2019;58(5):10-21.
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