Journal of Aging and Geriatric Psychiatry

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Editorial - Journal of Aging and Geriatric Psychiatry (2021) Volume 5, Issue 1

The Acute Effects of Different Protein and Energy Contents in Breakfast Drinks on Appetite and Free-Living Energy Intake in UK Older Adults

William Penn*

Department of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author:
William Penn Department of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom E-mail:

Accepted date: 17th November 2021

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Expanding protein intake at breakfast is one of the suggested strategies for preventing protein deficiency in more experienced patients. In any event, protein is incredibly fulfilling, and the effects of extremely high protein breakfast intake on subsequent desire and freeliving energy consumption (EI) in more experienced adults are unclear. The effects of two breakfast drinks with different protein and energy content on hunger and freeliving were investigated in this study.

From 30 minutes on, VHPER had less hunger than HPLE (p 0.01). The use of free-living energy and protein did not differ between situations (p = 0.814). Regardless, 24 hour EI (breakfast drink intake + free-living admittance) was higher in VHPER than HPLE (1937 568 kcal versus 1705 490 kcal; p = 0.001), as was 24 hour protein admission (123.0 26.0 g against 88.6 20.9 g; p 0.001). In older adults, consuming a high-protein breakfast drink repressed hunger more effectively than consuming a low-energy, high-protein drink, but free-living EI was unaffected. The long-term effects of adopting such a morning meal practise in older adults who are at high risk of energy and protein deficiency require further investigation.

Propelling age alters food reward signals, reduces food requiring behaviour, and suppresses hunger and energy intake (EI), all of which contribute to a state known as "anorexia of maturing." In comparison to more youthful adults, more experienced adults are estimated to require around 30% less energy per day. Dietary variety (defined as the amount of different food sources or nutritional categories consumed over a certain reference period) is also reduced with age, with decreased protein consumption reported in older populations. Inadequate dietary and protein intake increases the risk of developing disorders such as sarcopenia and osteoporosis. As a result, proteinenergy homeostasis is considered an important dietaryrelated driver of healthy maturation.

The main goal of this study was to determine the longlongterm effects of two breakfast drinks with different protein and energy contents (providing high and extremely high protein admissions) on cravings and free-living, all-day protein and energy consumption in older adults who live in the neighbourhood. BMI, without fat mass (FFM), and orientation were also investigated as factors influencing appetitive and dietary responses to breakfast protein and calorie consumption. The impact of such characteristics in more experienced adults has yet to be fully understood. Muscle protein combination research supports daily recommendations for more experienced adults, recommending that a dietary protein admission of 20-30 g of high-quality protein per meal would adequately animate MPS in more experienced adults , and that increasing protein intake could significantly increase muscle anabolism.


In spite of the known satisfying effect of protein, a heartbeat controlling approach to an extremely high-protein breakfast admission resulted in a more prominent craving concealment than a low-energy, high-protein breakfast admission in more established adults; however, there was no compensatory decline in food consumption later in the day. As a result, consuming a high-protein breakfast can result in increased day calorie and protein intake. The long-term effects of adopting such a morning meal strategy among more experienced adults who are at risk of energy and protein deficiency are worth investigating.


The author would like to acknowledge Ambo University for their encouragement.

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