Current Trends in Cardiology

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Short Communication - Current Trends in Cardiology (2023) Volume 7, Issue 1

Risk factors of congenital heart defects.

Srinivasa Kumar*

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India

Corresponding Author:
Srinivasa Kumar
Department of Pediatric Cardiology
Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences
Kochi, Kerala, India
E-mail:[email protected]

Received: 05-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AACC-23-85593; Editor assigned: 07-Jan-2022, Pre QC No. AACC-23-85593(PQ); Reviewed:21-Jan-2022, QC No AACC-23-85593; Revised: 24-Jan-2022, Manuscript No. AACC-23-85593(R); Published: 31-Jan-2022, DOI:10.35841/aacc-7.1.135

Citation:Kumar S. Risk factors of congenital heart defects. Curr Trend Cardiol. 2022;7(1):135

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Introduction

A significant global health burden, congenital heart abnormalities (CHDs) are a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in children. It is crucial to establish their frequency and range as well as to pinpoint the risk factors that contribute to the emergence of heart abnormalities. Congenital heart disease refers to a variety of structural issues with the heart that have existed since birth. Congenital refers to a condition that you are born with. Both adults and children with congenital heart disease may experience altered blood flow via the heart. Congenital cardiac abnormalities can in a variety of forms. The topic of this article is adult congenital cardiac disease. There are several milder forms of congenital cardiac disease. However, complicated flaws could result in potentially fatal issues. However, improvements in diagnosis and care are extending the lives of those with congenital cardiac disease. Congenital heart disease patients require lifetime medical treatment. Treatment may include regular checkups (watchful waiting), medications or surgery. Ask your doctor how often you need to be checked if you have adult congenital heart disease [1].

A structural defect in the heart that exists from birth is known as congenital heart disease. It can be found at any stage during a child's or adult's development, including before or shortly after birth. It's crucial to see a cardiologist who specializes in CHD if you or your child has a heart defect. To monitor the condition and maintain the best possible heart health, you should see a cardiologist frequently throughout your life. Congenital refers to something being present at birth. Although the phrases "congenital heart disease" and "congenital heart defect" are frequently used interchangeably, the term "defect" is more precise. This particular cardiac condition is not a disease, but rather a defect or aberration. When the heart or blood veins close to the heart do not grow normally before birth, a congenital heart defect (CHD) develops [2].

Treating congenital heart disease

Depending on the abnormality you or your child has, congenital heart disease treatment is typically individualized. Heart holes are an example of a mild defect that frequently doesn't require treatment because it's possible for them to get well on their own and pose no more risks. If the defect is substantial and producing issues, surgery or interventional procedures are typically needed. Most of the time, modern surgical procedures can bring back the heart's normal functionality in full [3].

However, because congenital heart disease frequently requires lifelong therapy, children and adults with the condition must undergo specialized evaluation. This is because individuals with complex heart conditions may eventually experience additional issues with their heart rhythm or valves. The majority of surgical and interventional procedures are not thought to be curative. The affected person may have limited exercise options and may need to take extra precautions to avoid contracting illnesses. It's important that a person with heart disease and their parents or careers discuss these issues with their specialist medical team [4].

References

  1. Saxena A. Congenital heart disease in India: a status report. Indian J Pediatr. 2005;72(7):595-8.
  2. Indexed atGoogle Scholar, CrossRef

  3. Bhat NK, Dhar M, Kumar R, et al. Prevalence and pattern of congenital heart disease in Uttarakhand, India. Indian J pediatr. 2013;80(4):281-5.
  4.  Indexed at, Google Scholar, CrossRef

  5. Kumar RK. Universal heart coverage for children with heart disease in India. Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2015;8(3):177.
  6.  Indexed atGoogle Scholar, CrossRef

  7. Kumar RK, Shrivastava S. Paediatric heart care in India. Heart. 2008;94(8):984-90.
  8. Indexed atGoogle Scholar, CrossRef

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