Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

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Case Report - Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (2023) Volume 13, Issue 100

Investigating the Role of Hormones in the Development and Progression of Breast and Prostate Cancers

Joanna Arcos *

Department of of Medical Biochemistry

*Corresponding Author:
Joanna Arcos
Department of of Medical Biochemistry
Jagiellonian University Medical College

Received:27-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. AABPS-107577; Editor assigned:30- Jun-2023, PreQC No. AABPS-107577 (PQ); Reviewed:14- Jul-2023, QC No. AABPS-107577; Revised:20- Jul-2023, Manuscript No. AABPS-107577 (R); Published:25- Jul-2023, DOI:10.35841/ / aabps-13.100.190p>

Citation: Arcos J. Investigating the role of hormones in the development and progression of breast and prostate cancers. Asian J Biomed Pharmaceut Sci. 2023;13(100):190


Breast cancer and prostate cancer are two of the most prevalent cancers worldwide, affecting millions of individuals each year. While various factors contribute to the development and progression of these cancers, hormones have emerged as key players in their pathogenesis. Understanding the intricate relationship between hormones and these specific cancer types is vital for improving prevention, diagnosis, and treatment strategies. This article explores the role of hormones in the development and progression of breast and prostate cancers and sheds light on the implications for clinical management. Breast cancer is highly influenced by hormonal factors, particularly estrogen and progesterone. The majority of breast cancer cases are hormone receptor-positive, meaning they possess estrogen and/or progesterone receptors. Estrogen promotes cell proliferation in breast tissue, and prolonged exposure to high levels of estrogen increases the risk of developing breast cancer. Similarly, progesterone can stimulate the growth of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer cells. Hormone therapies that target these receptors, such as selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) and aromatase inhibitors, have proven effective in treating hormone receptor-positive breast cancer [1].

Additionally, other hormones like insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and prolactin have been implicated in breast cancer development. High levels of IGF-1 have been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, as it promotes cell growth and survival. Prolactin, a hormone involved in breast milk production, has also been linked to breast cancer growth, especially in premenopausal women. Prostate cancer is primarily driven by androgens, particularly testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Androgens bind to and activate androgen receptors, which regulate the growth and function of the prostate gland. In normal conditions, androgens play a crucial role in maintaining prostate health. However, in the context of prostate cancer, excessive androgens or hypersensitivity of androgen receptors can lead to uncontrolled growth and tumor progression [2].

Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), which reduces androgen levels or blocks their actions, is a common treatment for prostate cancer. ADT can be achieved through surgical removal of the testes (orchiectomy) or through the use of medications such as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists or anti-androgens. While ADT initially suppresses tumor growth, prostate cancer cells can develop resistance to these therapies, leading to disease progression [3].

As our understanding of the role of hormones in breast and prostate cancers continues to evolve, new therapeutic opportunities are being explored. Combination therapies targeting multiple hormone receptors, signaling pathways, or alternative hormone-related targets are under investigation. For instance, in breast cancer, novel approaches include combining endocrine therapies with targeted therapies that inhibit specific signaling pathways involved in cancer cell survival and proliferation [4].

Furthermore, ongoing research aims to identify biomarkers that can predict response to hormonal therapies and guide personalized treatment decisions. Genetic profiling and molecular characterization of tumors may provide insights into individual hormone receptor status and signaling pathway alterations, allowing for tailored treatment strategies [5].


Hormones play a pivotal role in the development and progression of breast and prostate cancers. Estrogen, progesterone, and androgens, along with other hormones, influence the growth and behavior of cancer cells in these respective organs. Targeting hormone receptors and signaling pathways has significantly improved clinical outcomes, but challenges remain, such as the development of resistance to hormone-based therapies. Continued research efforts focused on unraveling the intricate interactions between hormones and cancer cells will pave the way for innovative treatment approaches and ultimately contribute to improved outcomes for patients with breast and prostate cancers.


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