Current Trends in Cardiology

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (202) 780-3397

Mini Review - Current Trends in Cardiology (2023) Volume 7, Issue 12

Heart failure developing at the time of myocardial infarction hospitalization

Afshin Salsali*

Department of Cardiology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

*Corresponding Author:
Afshin Salsali
Department of Cardiology
Capital Medical University, Beijing

Received:27-Nov-2023,Manuscript No. AACC-23-128817; Editor assigned:30-Nov-2023,PreQC No. AACC-23-128817(PQ); Reviewed:14-Dec-2023,QC No. AACC-23-128817; Revised:19-Dec-2023, Manuscript No. AACC-23-128817(R); Published:26-Dec-2023,DOI:10.35841/aacc-7.12.226

Citation:Salsali A. Heart failure developing at the time of myocardial infarction hospitalization. Curr Trend Cardiol. 2023;7(12):226.

Visit for more related articles at Current Trends in Cardiology


Heart disease remains a leading cause of mortality worldwide, with yocardial infarction commonly known as a heart attack, being one of its most prevalent manifestations. Myocardial infarction occurs when there is a blockage in the coronary arteries, depriving the heart muscle of oxygen and nutrients, ultimately leading to tissue damage or death. While advances in medical science have improved the outcomes of MI patients, the development of heart failure during or after a heart attack remains a significant concern. This article explores the relationship between heart failure and myocardial infarction, shedding light on the factors contributing to heart failure development during MI hospitalization.[1,2].

Myocardial infarction is a critical event that often signals underlying coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is characterized by the build-up of fatty deposits in the coronary arteries, leading to atherosclerosis and, eventually, heart attacks. When a heart attack occurs, the affected portion of the heart muscle loses its ability to contract effectively, which can have severe consequences [3,4].

Heart failure is a chronic condition characterized by the heart's inability to pump blood efficiently to meet the body's demands. During a myocardial infarction, the heart muscle experiences damage due to reduced blood flow, and this damage can vary in severity. When the damage is extensive, it can lead to acute heart failure, a condition known as myocardial infarction-related heart failure (MIRHF). MIRHF is a complex and multifactorial condition, and several factors contribute to its development during MI hospitalization.[5,6].


The size and location of the infarcted area are critical factors influencing the likelihood of heart failure development. A larger area of damaged heart tissue results in a reduced ability of the heart to pump blood effectively, increasing the risk of heart failure.Timely reperfusion therapy, such as angioplasty or thrombolytic therapy, is crucial to restoring blood flow to the affected heart muscle. Delays in administering these treatments can exacerbate myocardial damage, making heart failure more likely.Patients with pre-existing risk factors for heart failure, such as hypertension, diabetes, or a history of heart disease, are at higher risk of developing heart failure during or after a heart attack. These comorbidities can worsen the heart's ability to recover. Following a heart attack, the body initiates an inflammatory response to repair the damaged tissue. However, excessive inflammation can lead to further heart muscle damage and increase the risk of heart failure.[7,8].



Over time, the heart undergoes structural changes in response to the damage caused by a heart attack. This process, known as ventricular remodeling, can lead to long-term impairment of heart function and chronic heart failure. Age and Gender: Age and gender can also play a role in the development of heart failure during MI hospitalization. Older patients and women may be at a higher risk due to physiological differences and hormonal factors.Prevention and Management: Recognizing the risk factors and mechanisms contributing to heart failure development during MI hospitalization is crucial for prevention and effective management. Several strategies can help mitigate this risk:Early Intervention: Rapid diagnosis and treatment of myocardial infarction are essential. Reducing the time between symptom onset and reperfusion therapy significantly improves outcomes and minimizes myocardial damage.Risk Factor Modification: Addressing modifiable risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol before a heart attack can reduce the risk of heart failure development. Medications: Medications like beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and angiotensin receptor blockers are often prescribed to prevent ventricular remodelling and improve heart function after a heart attack.Lifestyle Changes: Encouraging lifestyle changes, such as a heart-healthy diet, regular exercise, and smoking cessation, can help prevent further cardiac events and the development of heart failure.Cardiac Rehabilitation: Cardiac rehabilitation programs can aid in the recovery process, providing education, exercise, and emotional support to patients after a heart attack.Close Monitoring: Regular follow-up with healthcare providers is essential to monitor heart function and make necessary adjustments to treatment plans.[


Get the App