Allied Journal of Medical Research

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Perspective - Allied Journal of Medical Research (2022) Volume 6, Issue 12

Gender disparities and organ transplantation are a prime illustration of how biological and social factors interact.

Andrea Ortona*

Department of Pharmacy, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Xicheng District Xinjiekou, East Beijing, China

*Corresponding Author:
Andrea Ortona
Department of Pharmacy,
Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Xicheng District Xinjiekou,
East Beijing, China

Received: 11-Nov-2022, Manuscript No. AAAJMR-22-84431; Editor assigned: 15-Nov-2022, PreQC No. AAAJMR-22-84431(PQ); Reviewed: 29-Nov-2022, QC No. AAAJMR-22-84431; Revised: 05-Dec-2022, Manuscript No. AAAJMR-22-84431(R); Published: 12-Dec-2022, DOI: 10.35841/aaajmr-6.12.158

Citation: Ortona A. Gender disparities and organ transplantation are a prime illustration of how biological and social factors interact. Allied J Med Res. 2022;6(12):158

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Organ transplantation, such as that of the heart, liver, or kidney, is now a common method of treating many fatal human illnesses. Women are more frequently contributors than recipients, according to research from the literature and data collected in Italy. However, the majority of organ recipients are men, likely due to a bias in the prevalence of illnesses associated with transplants. Even though donor-recipient sex mismatch, according to biological considerations, appears undesirable in female recipients, the effect of sex mismatch on transplant outcome is still up for debate. In our view, it may be essential for the treatment of organ transplantation to analyses how sex and gender may interact and impact grafting success.


Transplantation, Sex differences, Gender differences.


The gender of donors and recipients is involved in the entire process, including organ gift and relocate a medical procedure. As a rule, ladies appear to have more generosity and feeling of obligation than men. As an outcome, it has been seen that ladies are more inclined toward give their organs. As a matter of fact, in without cost living gift, 66% of all organs were given by ladies. Conversely, ladies are less arranged than guys to acknowledge relocate a medical procedure. Regardless of involving 35 % of transfers, the quantity of female transfer beneficiaries kept on declining. A few elements have been proposed to make sense of these distinctions [1]. These days, ladies and men present different social, financial, and social jobs, and a difference of information might exist. As a matter of fact, ladies were considered to have less data about transplantation determination and treatment. In any case, other than these psychosocial perspectives, one more significant component ought to be considered to make sense of the above detailed orientation predisposition: men have a higher rate of end-stage illnesses that require a transfer and are more disposed to hypertension or ischemic coronary illness, prompting their wrongness as givers [2].

They hypothesised that both the worse "quality" of female donors and the negative traits of male receivers could be to blame for this incident. Intriguingly, studies using animal models have shown that livers from female rats exhibit increased acidosis during transplant-associated ischemia compared to livers from male rats; this sex difference in the liver's metabolic response to ischemia appeared estrogen-mediated and may significantly affect the outcome of transplantation [3].

The restricted availability of data globally should be taken into account when analyzing any potential sex-gender disparities in transplantation policy. Western nations actually have very different laws, some of which lack particular regulations. Organ donation and transplantation activities in Italy are regulated by the National Transplant Centre, which, in partnership with 90 transplantation facilities functioning there, is responsible for ensuring the integrity and traceability of the entire procedure throughout the country [4

In our opinion, a multivariate analysis is the only appropriate statistical method capable of revealing important details concerning potential gender differences in organ donation and enabling comprehension of the tight interdependence between biological and social variables. However, it appears that there are many factors that must be taken into consideration before proper gender differences can be identified. A lot of information regarding, for example, the severity of the condition in recipients and the calibre of transplanted organs should be taken into account. Additionally, the mean age of donors appears to be higher for females than for males, whereas the mean age of recipients is higher for males than for females, leading us to hypothesize that both the donor and recipient's age may be a significant risk factor that has an impact on the survival of the graft [5].


Sex mismatch's effect on the success of transplantation is still up for dispute. Aspects relating to gender and sex could influence transplantation donation, access, and results. The therapy of patients undergoing organ transplantation should pay specific attention to how sex and gender interact and impact graft success. This seems like a task that has to be encouraged, developed, and regulated in our perspective.


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  3. Ge F, Huang T, Yuan S, et al. Gender issues in solid organ donation and transplantation. Ann Transplant. 2013;18(508):14.
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  5. Chen PD, Tsai MK, Lee CY, et al. Gender differences in renal transplant graft survival. J Formos Med Assoc. 2013;112(12):783-8.
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  7. Muller V, Szabo A, Viklicky O, et al. Sex hormones and gender-related differences: their influence on chronic renal allograft rejection. Kidney int. 1999;55(5):2011-20.
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  9. Yoshizumi T, Shirabe K, Taketomi A, et al. Risk factors that increase mortality after living donor liver transplantation. Transplantation. 2012;93(1):93-8.
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