Opinion Article - Journal of Orthopedic Surgery and Rehabilitation (2023) Volume 7, Issue 4
Development of targeted therapies for bone cancer
Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
- *Corresponding Author:
- Longsheng Yao
Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University
Received:27-Jun-2023,Manuscript No.AAOSR-23-105164; Editor assigned:30-Jun-2023,PreQC No.AAOSR-23-105164(PQ); Reviewed:14-Jul-2023,QC No.AAOSR-23-105164; Revised:19-Jul-2023,Manuscript No.AAOSR-23-105164(R); Published:25-Jul-2023,DOI: 10.35841/aaosr-7.4.158
Citation: Longsheng Yao. Development of targeted therapies for bone cancer. J Ortho Sur Reh.2023;7(4):1585
A wide range of cancers that develop in bone tissue or spread to the skeletal system from other source sites make up bone cancer. Due to its complicated biology, risk of metastasis, and lack of effective treatments, treating bone cancer is extremely difficult. A potential strategy to enhance outcomes for patients with bone cancer has developed in recent years: the development of targeted treatments. The purpose and significance of developing targeted medicines for bone cancer are briefly discussed in this introduction. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other conventional treatment options for bone cancer have shown some promise..
However, these methods frequently cause significant morbidity and may only be partially effective, particularly in cases of severe or recurrent disease. Targeted therapies have the potential to be more effective and have lower side effects since they selectively target the molecular pathways and cellular processes that fuel tumour growth and progression while sparing healthy tissues. A thorough understanding of the molecular pathways and genetic changes that underlie bone cancer is necessary for the development of targeted therapeutics. The development of bone cancer is influenced by changes in signalling pathways like the PI3K/AKT/mTOR, RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK, and p53, all of which have been linked to recurrent genetic mutations..
These insights have made it possible to identify prospective therapeutic intervention targets. Small molecule inhibitors, monoclonal antibodies, immune checkpoint inhibitors, and gene therapies are a few examples of targeted medicines. Small molecule inhibitors prevent the activity of certain enzymes or signalling pathways that are essential for the growth and survival of tumours. Targeting particular cell surface indicators or growth factor receptors with monoclonal antibodies can stop the growth of tumour cells or trigger their immune systems to destroy them.3].
Immune checkpoint inhibitors improve the capacity of the immune system to identify and eliminate cancer cells. In order to specifically target cancer cells using gene therapies, either tumour-promoting genes must be inhibited or tumour suppressor genes must be expressed to their full potential. The potential of targeted medicines in treating bone cancer has been proven by preclinical research and early-stage clinical trials..
For instance, the therapy of osteolytic bone metastases has showed promise when using inhibitors that target the RANK/RANKL system. In several subtypes of bone sarcomas, the development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors has yielded positive outcomes. It is being investigated if immunotherapies, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, can strengthen the immune response against bone cancer cells. The creation and application of tailored medicines for bone cancer continue to face obstacles. These include locating prognostic indicators to identify patients who are most likely to react, comprehending and overcoming resistance mechanisms, enhancing drug delivery to the bone microenvironment, and controlling potential toxicities related to targeted medicines. For the treatment of bone cancer, the development of tailored treatments shows significant potential. These medicines provide the promise for better outcomes and lower toxicity compared to conventional therapy methods because they precisely target important molecular pathways and cellular processes involved in tumour growth and progression. Targeted therapeutics for bone cancer need to be further developed and validated in clinical trials in order to increase patient survival and quality of life..
A promising direction in the search for better treatment methods is the development of tailored treatments for bone cancer. Researchers have found possible targets for therapeutic intervention by better understanding the molecular pathways and genetic changes that underlie bone cancer. The benefit of targeted therapies is that they can more precisely disrupt the cellular processes and signalling pathways involved in tumour growth and progression while causing the least amount of harm to healthy tissues. The primary objective of future research should be to perform robust clinical studies to assess the efficacy and safety of targeted medicines in wider patient groups. Personalised medicine strategies and combo treatments may improve treatment outcomes, according to further research. Furthermore, it is essential to create novel drug delivery systems that efficiently target bone tumours and get around the particular difficulties posed by the bone microenvironment. In conclusion, tailored medicines have the potential to completely alter how bone cancer is treated. Compared to conventional methods, these medicines have the potential to produce better results and have less toxicity since they specifically target the underlying molecular problems. The objective of improving patient survival and quality of life through tailored therapy in bone cancer is within reach thanks to continuous research and clinical studies.
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