Current Trends in Cardiology

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (202) 780-3397

Opinion Article - Current Trends in Cardiology (2023) Volume 7, Issue 12

Cytokine storm and myocardial infarction: mutual cause and effect.

Shenghua Luan*

Department of Psychology, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

*Corresponding Author:
Shenghua Luan
Department of Psychology
University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing

Received:30-Nov-2023,Manuscript No. AACC-23-128830; Editor assigned:02-Dec-2023,PreQC No. AACC-23-128830(PQ); Reviewed:17-Dec-2023,QC No. AACC-23-128830; Revised:22-Dec-2023, Manuscript No. AACC-23-128830(R); Published:2-Dec-2023,DOI:10.35841/aacc-7.12.234

Citation:Luan S. Cytokine storm and myocardial infarction: mutual cause and effect. Curr Trend Cardiol. 2023;7(12):234.

Visit for more related articles at Current Trends in Cardiology


Cytokine storm and myocardial infarction are two complex medical conditions that have garnered significant attention in recent years. Both of these conditions involve the immune system and inflammatory responses within the body. While they may seem unrelated on the surface, there is growing evidence to suggest a mutual cause-and-effect relationship between cytokine storms and myocardial infarctions. In this article, we will explore the mechanisms behind these two phenomena and delve into how they might be interconnected. Cytokine storm, also known as cytokine release syndrome (CRS), is an exaggerated and uncontrolled immune response that involves the overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines. Cytokines are signaling molecules that play a crucial role in regulating the immune system's response to infections and other threats. However, when an excessive number of cytokines are released into the bloodstream, it can lead to severe inflammation and tissue damage throughout the body.[1,2].

The primary triggers for cytokine storms include viral infections, autoimmune diseases, and certain cancer treatments, such as CAR-T cell therapy. In these cases, the immune system goes into overdrive, releasing an excessive amount of cytokines like interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 (IL-1), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). This heightened immune response can result in a range of symptoms, from mild fever and fatigue to life-threatening organ dysfunction.Myocardial infarction, commonly referred to as a heart attack, occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart muscle is blocked, usually due to the formation of a blood clot in a coronary artery. The lack of blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscle can cause irreversible damage, leading to myocardial tissue death. While the primary cause of myocardial infarction is atherosclerosis (the buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries), recent studies have suggested that cytokine storms may also play a role in precipitating heart attacks [3,4].

Inflammatory Processes: Cytokine storms are characterized by widespread inflammation, and chronic inflammation is a well-established risk factor for atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. The inflammatory response can damage the endothelium (the inner lining of blood vessels), making it more susceptible to plaque formation and rupture. When plaques rupture, they can trigger the formation of blood clots, leading to myocardial infarction. Platelet Activation: Cytokine storms can also activate platelets, which are small cell fragments involved in blood clotting. Excessive platelet activation can contribute to the formation of thrombi (blood clots) within the coronary arteries, further obstructing blood flow to the heart muscle.[5,6].


The inflammatory cytokines released during a cytokine storm can impair endothelial function, making the coronary arteries less responsive to vasodilators and reducing blood flow to the heart. This dysfunction can exacerbate the ischemic conditions that lead to myocardial infarction.The cytokine-driven inflammation may weaken the fibrous cap of atherosclerotic plaques, making them more prone to rupture. When a plaque ruptures, it can expose its contents, including cholesterol and proinflammatory molecules, to the bloodstream, further fueling the inflammatory response.[7,8].



Several studies have provided insights into the relationship between cytokine storms and myocardial infarction. For instance, a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology in 2020 found that patients with severe COVID-19, who often experience cytokine storms, were at an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction. Similarly, research published in Circulation Research in 2019 highlighted the role of inflammation, driven by cytokine release, in destabilizing atherosclerotic plaques.Moreover, therapies targeting inflammation, such as IL-6 inhibitors, have shown promise in reducing cardiovascular events in patients with a history of myocardial infarction. These findings suggest that addressing the cytokine storm component may be a valuable approach to reducing the risk of heart attacks.[


Get the App