Current Trends in Cardiology

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (202) 780-3397

Perspective - Current Trends in Cardiology (2023) Volume 7, Issue 2

Clinical presentation of left atrial cardiac myxoma.

Eric wiley*

Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA

Corresponding Author:
Eric wiley
Department of Neurology
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, USA

Received: 03-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. AACC-23-91109; Editor assigned: 05-Mar-2022, Pre QC No. AACC-23-91109(PQ); Reviewed:19-Mar-2023, QC No AACC-23-91109; Revised: 23-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. AACC-23-91109(R); Published: 30-Mar-2023, DOI:10.35841/aacc-7.2.139

Citation:wiley E. Clinical presentation of left atrial cardiac myxoma. Curr Trend Cardiol. 2022;7(2):139

Visit for more related articles at Current Trends in Cardiology


Myxomas are the most widely recognized essential heart growths, most often tracked down in the left chamber. We present an instance of an atrial myxoma. An inside and out audit of atrial myxoma is introduced, inspecting the significant clinical side effects and symptomatic markers. The treatment of atrial myxoma is then examined, with an accentuation on current treatments. A broad writing survey has been performed to introduce a complete audit of the causes, pathophysiology of atrial myxoma. Myxomas are the most widely recognized essential heart neoplasm. The predominance of cardiovascular cancers at post-mortem goes from 0.001% to 0.3%, over half of harmless heart growths are myxomas. In 7%, it has hereditary beginning and ascends as a part of a heritable problem for certain clinical signs. More than 72% of essential heart growths are harmless. In grown-ups, most of harmless sores are myxomas [1].

The beginning can be made sense of through various hypotheses. Myxomas are right now remembered to begin from entangled ensnared early stage foregut, and thus they are gotten from multipotent mesenchymal cells equipped for both brain and epithelial separation. Histologically, these cancers are made out of dissipated cells inside a mucopolysaccharide stroma. Myxomas produce vascular endothelial development factor (VEGF), which likely adds to the enlistment of angiogenesis and the beginning phases of cancer development. On a plainly visible level, commonplace myxomas are pedunculated and coagulated in consistency; the surface might be smooth, villous, or friable. Cancers differ broadly in size, going from 1 to 15 cm in breadth, and gauging somewhere in the range of 15 and 180 g. Around 35% of myxomas are friable or villous, and these will generally give emboli. Bigger growths are bound to have a smooth surface and to be related with cardiovascular side effects [2].

Clinical Manifestations

Normally noticed side effects and signs are dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nighttime dyspnea, aspiratory edema, hack, hemoptysis, edema, and weakness. Side effects might be deteriorated in specific body positions, because of movement of the growth inside the chamber. On actual assessment, a trademark "growth thud" might be heard right off the bat in diastole. Established side effects (e.g., fever, weight reduction) are seen in around 30% of patients. Research facility irregularities (e.g., sickliness and heights in the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-receptive protein, or globulin level) are available in 35%, typically those with fundamental side effects. There are a few instruments by which heart growths might cause side effects. The hindrance of the dissemination through the heart or heart valves produce side effects of cardiovascular breakdown. Atrial myxoma might slow down heart valves causing disgorging. The immediate attack of the myocardium might bring about debilitated contractility, arrhythmias, heart block, or pericardial emission regardless of tamponade. The intrusion of the neighboring lung might cause aspiratory side effects and may mirror bronchogenic carcinoma. At long last, left atrial growths might deliver cancer sections or thrombi into the fundamental dissemination, prompting embolization which is normally foundational yet can be pulmonic. The most serious complexities of such embolization are neurologic. The pace of development is obscure, as myxomas are generally made do with careful resection and only on extremely rare occasions are restoratively overseen because of contraindications to medical procedure [3].

Treatment and prognosis

When a possible determination of myxoma has been made on imaging studies, brief resection is required in view of the gamble of embolization or cardiovascular complexities, including unexpected passing. The consequences of careful resection are by and large awesome, with most series detailing an employable death rate under 5%. Cardiovascular transplantation has been accounted for different growths and may be considered for various, repetitive atrial myxomas. Postoperative recuperation is for the most part fast. Be that as it may, atrial arrhythmias or atrioventricular conduction anomalies were available postoperatively in 26% of patients in a single series. What's more, patients are in danger for repeat of the myxoma or the improvement of extra sores. In one enormous series, 5% created repetitive myxoma, recommending the requirement for cautious development. Improvement of a second essential myxoma might be more normal in patients with a family background of myxoma [4].


  1. Lloreta J, Juanpere N, Riverola A, et al. Cardiac myxoma with glandular differentiation: an immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study. Ultrastructural pathology. 2013;37(1):77-82.
  2. Indexed atGoogle Scholar, CrossRef

  3. Kolluru A, Desai D, Cohen GI. The etiology of atrial myxoma tumor plop. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011:57(21):e371.
  4. Indexed atGoogle Scholar, CrossRef

  5. Aggarwal SK, Barik R, Sarma TC, et al. Clinical presentation and investigation findings in cardiac myxomas: new insights from the developing world. Am Heart J. 2007;154(6):1102-7.
  6.  Indexed atGoogle Scholar, CrossRef

  7. Yoo M, Graybeal DF. An echocardiographic-confirmed case of atrial myxoma causing cerebral embolic ischemic stroke: a case report. Cases J. 2008:1-5.
  8. Indexed atGoogle Scholar, CrossRef

Get the App