Journal of Environmental Waste Management and Recycling

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +44 1518081136

Mini Review - Journal of Environmental Waste Management and Recycling (2024) Volume 7, Issue 1

Biodegradable materials: The key to reducing landfill waste

Ricci Grasso*

Department of Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Ricci Grasso
Department of Medicine
University of Udine
Udine, Italy

Received: 26-Dec-2023, Manuscript No. AAEWMR-24-135287; Editor assigned: 29-Dec-2023, PreQC No. AAEWMR-24-135287 (PQ); Reviewed: 12-Jan-2024, QC No. AAEWMR-24-135287; Revised: 16-Jan-2024, Manuscript No. AAEWMR-24-135287 (R); Published: 23-Jan-2024, DOI: 10.35841/aaewmr- 7.1.184

Citation: Grasso R. Biodegradable materials: The key to reducing landfill waste. Environ Waste Management Recycling. 2024; 7(1):184

In the age of rapid industrialization and consumerism, waste management has emerged as one of the most pressing challenges of our time. The ever-increasing volume of waste, particularly non-biodegradable materials like plastics, poses a significant threat to the environment, human health, and biodiversity. In response to this escalating crisis, the concept of biodegradable materials has gained traction as a promising solution to mitigate the adverse impacts of waste accumulation in landfills [1], [2]

Biodegradable materials are substances that can be broken down into simpler compounds by natural biological processes, such as microbial action, over a relatively short period. Unlike traditional non-biodegradable materials, which persist in the environment for hundreds to thousands of years, biodegradable materials decompose into harmless substances like water, carbon dioxide, and biomass, leaving behind minimal residue. This inherent ability to degrade naturally makes biodegradable materials an attractive alternative for various applications across industries [3].

One of the primary advantages of biodegradable materials is their potential to reduce the burden on landfills. Unlike conventional materials that occupy valuable landfill space indefinitely, biodegradable materials undergo decomposition, thereby minimizing the need for additional landfills and mitigating the associated environmental hazards, such as soil and water contamination, greenhouse gas emissions, and habitat destruction. By diverting biodegradable waste from landfills, communities can significantly extend the lifespan of existing landfill sites and alleviate the strain on waste management infrastructure [4], [5]

Moreover, biodegradable materials offer environmental benefits throughout their lifecycle, from production to disposal. Many biodegradable materials are derived from renewable resources, such as plant-based polymers (e.g., polylactic acid or PLA) and bioplastics, which reduces reliance on finite fossil fuels and lowers carbon emissions associated with manufacturing. Additionally, the cultivation of biomass feedstocks for biodegradable materials can sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, contributing to climate change mitigation efforts [6].

Furthermore, the adoption of biodegradable materials fosters innovation and promotes sustainable practices across industries. Manufacturers are increasingly exploring novel biomaterials and eco-friendly alternatives to conventional packaging, single-use plastics, and disposable products. Biodegradable packaging solutions, such as compostable bags, food containers, and utensils, offer consumers a greener choice while minimizing environmental impact. Similarly, biodegradable textiles, cosmetics, and agricultural products are gaining popularity as consumers prioritize sustainability and environmental stewardship [7].

However, despite their numerous benefits, biodegradable materials are not without challenges and limitations. The rate of biodegradation depends on various factors, including environmental conditions, microbial activity, and material composition. Some biodegradable plastics may require specific composting conditions, such as elevated temperatures and humidity, to degrade efficiently, limiting their widespread adoption and recyclability. Furthermore, improper disposal practices, such as mixing biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste streams, can impede the degradation process and result in contamination [8].

To maximize the effectiveness of biodegradable materials in waste management, concerted efforts are needed across stakeholders, including policymakers, businesses, consumers, and waste management authorities. Governments can incentivize the use of biodegradable materials through regulations, subsidies, and tax incentives, while promoting research and development in biodegradable technologies. Businesses can integrate sustainable practices into their operations, from product design and manufacturing to packaging and distribution, to minimize environmental footprint and enhance market competitiveness. Consumers can make informed choices by opting for biodegradable products, supporting eco-friendly brands, and practicing responsible waste disposal habits [9].

Biodegradable materials represent a pivotal solution in the transition towards a circular economy and sustainable future. By harnessing the inherent biodegradability of materials, we can reduce landfill waste, conserve natural resources, and mitigate environmental degradation. Embracing biodegradable alternatives is not merely a choice but a necessity in our collective effort to safeguard the planet for future generations [10].


  1. Brownson RC, Chriqui JF, Stamatakis KA. Understanding evidence-based public health policy. Am J Public Health. 2009; 99(9):1576-83.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Matjasko JL, Cawley JH, Baker Goering MM, et al. Applying behavioral economics to public health policy: illustrative examples and promising directions. Am J Prev Med. 2016; 50(5):S13-9.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Teplin LA, Mericle AA, McClelland GM, et al. HIV and AIDS risk behaviors in juvenile detainees: Implications for public health policy. Am J Public Health. 2003; 93(6):906-12.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Halpern SD, Truog RD, Miller FG. Cognitive bias and public health policy during the COVID-19 pandemic. JAMA. 2020; 324(4):337-8.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Bargain O, Aminjonov U. Trust and compliance to public health policies in times of COVID-19. J Public Econ. 2020; 192:104316.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  11. Koplan JP, Bond TC, Merson MH, et al. Towards a common definition of global health. Lancet. 2009; 373(9679):1993-5.
  12. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  13. Gostin LO, Sridhar D. Global health and the law. N Engl J Med. 2014; 370(18):1732-40.
  14. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  15. Jong-Wook L. Global health improvement and WHO: shaping the future. Lancet. 2003; 362(9401):2083-8.
  16. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  17. Kumar S, Preetha GS. Health promotion: an effective tool for global health. Indian J Community Med. 2012; 37(1):5.
  18. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  19. Bozorgmehr K. Rethinking the'global'in global health: a dialectic approach. Global Health. 2010;6(1):1-9.
  20. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App