Journal of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +44 7460731551

Short Communication - Journal of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (2022) Volume 6, Issue 3

A low-fouling, self-assembled, graft co-polymer and covalent surface coating for controlled immobilization of biologically active moieties

Mansoor Amira*

Department of Oral Biology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

*Corresponding Author:
Mansoor Amira
Department of Oral Biology
Mansoura University
Mansoura, Egypt
E-mail:[email protected]

Received: 22- Feb -2022, Manuscript No. AABIB-22- 59440;  Editor assigned 24- Feb-2022, PreQC No. AABIB -22- 59440 (PQ); Reviewed:  10- Mar-2022, QC No AABIB -22- 59440; Revised: 17- Mar -2022, Manuscript No. AABIB -22- 59440 (R); Published: 24- Mar -2022, DOI: 10.35841/aabib-6.3.111

Citation:Amira M. A low-fouling, self-assembled, graft co-polymer and covalent surface coating for controlled immobilization of biologically active moieties. J Biomed Imag Bioeng. 2022;6(3):111

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering


Current bio interfaces pointing to control particular organic reactions as often as possible need either steadiness due to simply electrostatic intelligent, bioactivity due to unspecific conjugation chemistries, specificity due to uncontrolled natural intuitive such as fouling, or cytocompatibility due to cruel and poisonous coating strategies. Here, we report a flexible surface alteration stage for covalent tying of chosen biomolecules. Modern in this approach is the specific combination of measured authoritative pieces as unite co-polymer. United to the spine of PAcrAmTM different functionalities are deliberately combined: covalent (silane) and non-covalent (lysine) surface authoritative bunches for soundness and self-assembly in gentle buffered arrangement, PEG- azide chains for moo fouling properties, and particular, controlled, covalent, connecting of naturally dynamic atoms. This secluded technique overcomes the already said restrictions, for occurrence with respect to bioactivity of the natural moiety due to profoundly particular strain- promoted azide-alkyne cycloaddition. The effective joining of the copolymer was affirmed by 1H NMR. The immobilization of RGD peptides was characterized by combining surface expository methods, such as ToF-SIMS and ellipsometry, permitting evaluation of immobilized atoms over an broad extend of concentrations (0.008–1.95 pmol•cm−2). The bioactivity over this extend of concentrations was affirmed by in vitro cell considers, showing a differential endothelial cell connection and spreading.


Surface modification, Strain promoted azide, Alkyne click chemistry, Graft copolymer


Biointerfaces that empower controlled and particular interaction with the organic environment that they are uncovered to are exceptionally basic to overcome current impediments such as within the effective integration of therapeutic inserts within the body or biosensing applications [1]. For occasion, for embed integration making interfacing that permit directed attachment of particular cells, which can at that point perform common organic capacities are wanted. To this conclusion, attachment peptides that intercede cell connection can be immobilized on a engineered surface. Such cement peptides are determined from extracellular lattice proteins as for case RGD determined from fibronectin. Also, when such cell cement functionalization is connected to lowfouling surface coatings, non-specific adsorption of proteins is decreased and non-specific cell intuitive with the surface can be maintained a strategic distance. Additionally for biosensing applications, in arrange to get tall affectability, sensor coatings ought to dodge any unspecific interaction and thus be antifouling and bioactive in arrange to capture exceptionally particular biomolecules from the analyte [2]. For detecting applications, regularly the tall partiality of streptavidin and biotin are abused. In arrange to make a combined low-fouling and bioactive surface, for occasion, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) brush-based coatings can be brightened with RGD peptides. PEG is an electrically unbiased and profoundly hydrophilic polymer, comprises polar moieties, shows hydrogen-bond acceptors, and at the same time does not show hydrogen-bond benefactors. It in this manner empowers solid interaction of water particles through hydrogen bonds and in this way the arrangement of a strong hydration layer that entropic ally and sterically avoids protein adsorption to the basic fabric, that can be accomplished in the event that thickly bound to a surface. PEG based surface coatings have been adjusted with RGD for occasion through amide linkage between the N-terminus of the peptide and an acrylated PEG, or through coupling between thiols of utilitarian conclusion bunch cysteine on the engineered peptide grouping with either maleimide or vinylsulfone functionalized PEG. Indeed in spite of the fact that such RGD functionalization of PEG coatings has been appeared to bolster endothelial cell connection, amine or thiol-reactive chemistries are not particular. Most thiol focusing on chemistries moreover respond at a lower partiality with amine bunches, and since thiols and amines are inexhaustible in biomolecules, these chemistries can disable the biomolecule accessibility. In differentiate, particular immobilization approaches incorporate for occurrence press chemistries, such as oxime ligation, copper-catalysed alkyne-azide cycloaddition, or strain-promoted alkyne-azide cycloaddition. For biomolecule immobilization, in specific, SPAAC is of tall intrigued due to its specific response into a triazole ring happening beneath mellow watery conditions and without the required for the expansion of possibly poisonous metal catalysts [3].

This exceedingly particular response between specialized utilitarian bunches that don't actually happen in biomolecules, ensures the bioavailability of the immobilized atom. Van Dongen et al. Created a PLL-g-PEG form with azide endfunctionalized PEG chains, which empowered the covalent immobilization of bicyclononyne-conjugated RGD peptide through SPAAC and permitted for the controlled connection of HeLa cells. Be that as it may PLL-g-PEG-N3 is depending as it were on electrostatic adsorption to the surface and hence needs long-term solidness beneath ion-rich physiological conditions [4]. Here we show an azido-PEG coating based on a unite copolymer with a PAcrAmTM spine, that in differentiate to the past coating techniques combines hexanediamine sidechains for electrostatic adsorption for versatility and aminopropyldimethylsilanol side chains for progressed steadiness through covalent holding to silicon-based surfaces. Besides, this low-fouling stage was combined with particular SPAAC immobilization of a dibenzocyclooctyne -conjugated biomolecules. Here, DBCO-RGD surface concentration was tuned by peptide arrangement concentration amid SPAAC immobilization, and surfaces were characterized by ToFSIMS and ellipsometry [5].


  1. Ross AM, Lahann J.Current Trends and Challenges in Biointerfaces Science and Engineering. Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng. 2015;6 (1):161-86.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Pagel M, Beck-Sickinger AG. Multifunctional biomaterial coatings: Synthetic challenges and biological activity. Biol Chem. 2017;398:3-22.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Peichuang Li, Zhu Luo Z, Xin Li X, et al. Preparation, evaluation and functionalization of biomimetic block copolymer coatings for potential applications in cardiovascular implants. Appl Surf Sci. 2020;502:144085.
  6. Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Koens MJW, Faraj KA, Wismans RG, et al. Controlled fabrication of triple layered and molecularly defined collagen/elastin vascular grafts resembling the native blood vessel. Acta Biomater. 2010;6:4666-74.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Dorigo W, Carlo F, Troisi N, et al. Lower limb revascularization with a new bioactive prosthetic graft: Early and late results. Ann Vasc Surg. 2008;22:79-87.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App