Journal of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +44-7360-538437

Mini Review - Journal of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (2022) Volume 6, Issue 8

A down to earth direct to characterizing lighted atomic fills utilizing Lie tomography.

Assel Aitkaliyevan*

Department of Medical Imaging, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Assel Aitkaliyevan
Department of Medical Imaging
University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: 05-Aug-2022, Manuscript No. AABIB-22-75953; Editor assigned: 06-Aug-2022, PreQC No. AABIB-22-75953 (PQ); Reviewed: 20-Aug-2022, QC No. AABIB-22-75953; Revised: 22-Aug-2022, Manuscript No. AABIB-22-75953 (R); Published: 29-Aug-2022, DOI:10.35841/aahbd-6.8.137

Citation: Aitkaliyevan A. A down to earth direct to characterizing lighted atomic fills utilizing Lie tomography. J Biomed Imag Bioeng. 2022;6(8):137

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering


Centered particle pillar (Lie) tomography with combined electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and vitality dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) could be a method able of factually characterizing the microstructure and spatial compositional variety of atomic fuel in threedimensions. The 3D visualization from Lie tomography gives a comprehensive picture of the interconnected microstructural and compositional highlights that can affect fuel execution. Whereas these highlights are frequently characterized with surface examination, the complexity and relationship of parting items and grain boundary systems may not completely be captured by these 2D strategies. This work presents a viable direct to lie tomography that's custom-made to atomic fuel characterization. The steps utilized to gather and process the information are given in conjunction with the scripts utilized to handle the information. Also, proposals for future characterization endeavors utilizing this approach are given.


FIB tomography, Data reconstruction, Fuel characterization.


Atomic fuel is subjected to one of the harshest situations on soil. Illumination combined with expansive temperature slopes (>200 °C/mm) in a reactor environment causes the fuel to veer off from its as manufactured condition with grain rebuilding, scattering of parting items, and bubble morphology advancement. Each feature of this ever-changing microstructural movement has the potential to influence reactor security and operation. Grain measure influences both mechanical and transport properties of the fuel [1]. The collection and movement of parting items makes the potential for localized dissolving within the fuel. At long last, bubble morphology advancement can result in interconnected bubble systems that serve as pathways for noteworthy parting gas discharge. An assortment of strategies can be utilized to capture bubble morphology, grain structure, and parting item dispersion in a fuel test. These incorporate checking electron microscopy (SEM), electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), vitality dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and wavelength-dispersive spectroscopy (WDS). EBSD, EDS, and WDS give grain and essential data, though SEM micrographs appear bubble morphology. Each procedure produces profitable two-dimensional (2D) information for the surface of the examination region. An advantage of these methods is that information collection is moderately quick, and when combined with picture sewing, whole outspread cross segments of fuel pellets can be characterized rapidly and productively [2].

Be that as it may, these surface-based methods don't comprehensively capture the fuel’s complex microstructure. One can contend that 2D surface investigation can be extrapolated to three-dimensional (3D) examination in case certain suspicions are made approximately edge-on grain boundaries and isotropic highlights (grains, bubbles, and accelerates). For a few fuel microstructures this approach can work exceptionally well, but anisotropy can cause the 3D estimation to be distorted. For case, when approximating a microstructure from 2D surface examination, the normal grain measure is required as an input. The ASTM standard for deciding normal grain estimate states that on the off chance that the grain structure isn't equiaxed (or anisotropic) at that point estimations along certain planes will deliver erroneous comes about, which would influence the approximated microstructure (ASTM Universal, 2010). Diverse planes of the fuel may well be investigated to cure this; be that as it may, usually frequently not performed due to the expanded taken a toll of this extra examination. To appropriately capture the genuine microstructure of atomic fuel, 3D examination can be performed [3].

Extrapolate 3D highlights from 2D surface examination can be overcome by utilizing 3D tomography-based procedures counting, but not constrained to, neutron, x-ray, and centered particle bar (Lie) tomography. Information collection and examination related with tomography strategies are complex and time expending. A few papers have detailed the comes about from 3D tomography–based characterization of lighted atomic powers , but a nitty gritty information handling strategy or dialog of lessons learned is however to be made accessible to the atomic materials community. To fill in this crevice, the work portrayed in these original copy employments Lie tomography to characterize the 3D grain, parting item, and bubble (porosity) structure in illuminated atomic fuel with an point to supply a layout for 3D tomography characterization of atomic fuel. Characterization of atomic materials presents challenges that are not commonly experienced in other areas of think about. This incorporates restrictions due to the dose of the fabric that's being characterized such as prevented test arrangement or finder impedances [4].

Moreover, broadly shifting territorial microstructures and parting item structures over the sweep of the fuel pellet display modern challenges that are not regularly met in other areas. In atomic fills, the scattering of strong parting items all through the fuel produces a complex anisotropic composite test. The generation of parting gasses in powers comes about in expansive sums of porosity all through the fuel test, which frequently shifts radially. The expansion of strong and vaporous parting items can affect the processing steps within the Lie tomography prepare and requires particular characterization steps to enough handle. This paper points to supply a direct for atomic fills characterization utilizing Lie tomography, counting steps to handle processing and handling artifacts made due to parting item obstructions. In this work, the point by point technique for piece lift-out, data collection, and most vitally, information handling, at the side the scripts that were utilized to analyze the datasets is given. At that point a brief talk of the lessons learned is included after the sketched out approach. The expansion of strong and vaporous parting items can affect the processing steps within the Lie tomography is seemingly not a true 3D strategy, because it includes adding the information between stacks of 2D pictures [5].


It could be a damaging method while other 3D strategies such as neutron tomography and synchrotron x-ray tomography are not. Be that as it may, neutron and x-ray tomography don't give adequate determination for the characterization of the smaller scale highlights within the atomic fuel microstructure. With an fitting cut thickness to capture the specified highlights, Lie tomography is capable of creating precise delineations of the neighborhood 3D structure with the specified determination. Also, with the consideration of EBSD and EDS, Lie tomography can characterize the 3D grain morphology and chemical composition.


  1. W Beere, GL Reynolds. The morphology and growth rate of interlinked porosity in irradiated UO2. J Nucl Mater. 1973;47:51-57.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross ref

  3. R Collette, J King, D Keiser et al. Fission gas bubble identification using MATLAB’s image processing toolbox. Mater Charact. 2016;118:284-93.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross ref

  5. TJ Gerczak, CM Parish, PD Edmondson, et al. Restructuring in high burnup UO2 studied using modern electron microscopy. J Nucl Mater. 2018;509: 245-59.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross ref

  7. M Groeber, M Jackson. Dream 3D: a digital representation environment for the analysis of microstructure in 3D. Integr Mater Manuf Innov. 2014;3:56-72.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross ref

  9. J Noirot, I Zacharie-Aubrun, T Blay. Focused ion beam-scanning electron microscope examination of high burn-up UO2 in the center of a pellet. Nucl Eng Technol. 2018;50:259-67.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross ref

Get the App