Background: The incidence of thyroid disorders is increasing day by day and involvement of multiple systems is its common feature. Autoimmune thyroid disorders are the most prevalent immunological diseases in patients with type 1 diabetes. As the prevalence of diabetes and thyroid both is more in India, correlation of these two diseases was studied in this study.
Methodology: this study was conducted on 185 diabetic (both type I and II) patients attending diabetes OPD. Thyroid tests including TSH, T3 and T4 were measured using enzyme immune assay.
Results: we found that levels of T3 and T4 are lower in control group as compared to the diabetic patients. The levels of TSH are lower in diabetic patients than in control group. Low levels of thyroid hormones were noted in 5.95% male diabetics and 18.92% female diabetics. High levels of thyroid hormones were observed in 7.57% male diabetics and 17.84% female diabetics.
Discussion: Abnormal thyroid hormone levels were observed more commonly in study group than in control group. Hypothyroidism was seen to be more common in females than in males in both the control and study group. Similarly hyperthyroidism also seems to be common in females compared to males in both diabetic and non-diabetic groups