Journal of Aging and Geriatric Psychiatry

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Research Article - Journal of Aging and Geriatric Psychiatry (2018) Volume 2, Issue 2

Supportive needs of urban and rural elders

Objective: Today, in most urban and rural communities, younger members of the family are moving away from their families and undermining neighboring networks, resulting in some elderly people, being subject to deprivation due to transportation problems, health services And poorly educated or lack of access to information. That is they need more support, the purpose of this study was to compare the support needs of urban and rural elders who referred to health centers in Kermanshah in 2016. Method: This research was descriptive-comparative Study. 384 elderly (192 urban elderly and 192 rural) were selected by random cluster sampling method from health centers of Kermanshah. Two Part questionnaires including demographic and support needs were used for data collection. To analyze the data, t-test and Chi-square was used. Results: The results study, showed that urban elders had more spiritual needs than the rural elderly (P<0.02). Also, the results showed that the difference between health care needs, educational, recreation and transportation (p<0.01). There is a significant relationship between the support needs in rural and urban elders people who have more needs for urban elderly people. But in the case of nutritional needs and the need for personal care housing and safety, there was no significant difference between rural and urban elderly. Conclusion: According to the findings, developing educational programs for urban elders will be effective in meeting their spiritual needs. On the other hand, creating recreational facilities, meeting health needs and increasing the level of literacy especially is essential for increasing social interactions to prevent social isolation.

Author(s): Vahab Karamivand

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