Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

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Sesbania sesban Linn: A Review on Its Ethnobotany, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile

Sesbania sesban Linn (Family: Fabaceae) is well known plant widely distributed in India and other tropical countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 80% of people living in developing countries rely almost exclusively on traditional medicines for their primary health care needs. Different parts of the plant (Leaves, seed, and pods) are reputed for their medicinal value. The leaves of Sesbania sesban has traditionally been used as purgative, demulcent, maturant, Anthelmintic and for all pains and inflammation. Preliminary Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of several chemical compounds such as triterpenoids, carbohydrates, vitamins, amino acids, proteins, tannins, Saponins glycosides and steroids. Flowers contain cyanidin and delphinidin glucosides. Pollen and pollen tubes contain alpha-ketoglutaric, oxaloacetic and pyruvic acids. Reports suggest that, previous phytochemicals investigations of the plant led to the isolation of oleanolic acid. The present review summarizes the scientific information of various aspects of Sesbania sesban Linn plant used in traditional system of medicine for variety of purpose.

Author(s): Pravin Gomase, Priti Gomase, Shaikh Anjum, Sindha Shakil, Khan Mohd Shahnavaj