Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

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Prescription analysis of drugs used in outpatient department of dermatology at tertiary care hospital

Objectives: To observe the prescribing pattern & to evaluate the rationality of drugs used in dermatology outpatients. Methods and materials: A Prospective, observational study was conducted in out-patients department of dermatology at Mandya Institute of Medical sciences, Mandya over a period of 3 months. Rationality of drug usage was evaluated by analysing the drug prescriptions. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results: A total of 310 prescriptions of patients attending the Dermatology OPD were included for analysis. Among the 310 prescription studied 124 (40%) were males & 186 (60%) were females. Among 310 Patients, majority were between the age group of 20-60 yrs. 945 drugs were prescribed, with an average of 3.04 drugs per prescription. Out of all drugs 92.6% were from National essential drug list. Only 290(30.68%) drugs were prescribed under generic names while brand names were used for 655(69.31%) drugs. Drugs prescribed by parenteral route were 65 (6.87%), oral route were 410 (43.38%) and topical 470 (49.73%). Out of all the topical agents, 94.2 % were given as single preparations and 5.8% as combination agents. Antihistaminics were the most commonly prescribed group of drug. Conclusions: Periodic therapeutic audit is essential to ensure rational medicine use

Author(s): Sumana MH