Background: Use of contraceptives is still not completely followed even though Family Planning program is working since 1952. Aim & Objectives: To find the knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding contraceptive use in the study area and study factors responsible for non-use of family planning methods. Methodology: Cross sectional observational study was done among 300 married females using pretested questionnaire in rural area of Tamil Nadu. The questionnaire included data regarding socio demographic information of the study participants, the knowledge and use of contraceptives, availability of contraceptives and the knowledge of female and male sterilization. Results: Out of total 300 women 55.3% were using some sort of family planning method whereas 44.7% were not using any method. Female sterilization was the commonest (33.73%) method being followed and the commonest reason for not using contraception wanted to have more children (34.33%). Use of contraception was significantly associated (p<0.05) with level of education of the female participant. Conclusion: Overall knowledge regarding contraception was good but practice of use was lagging behind and efforts need to be made to improve family planning practices.