International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology

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Is Diclofenac Still a Threat to Gyps Vulture? A Case From Eastern Nepal and Adjoining Areas in India

Diclofenac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), used among livestock have been found to have a detrimental effect on scavengers including Gyps vultures contributing to a dramatic decline of the population in the Indian subcontinent. In an attempt to assess the status of different NSAIDs including diclofenac use and trade, the current study was conducted in eastern part of Nepal and adjoining areas in India. Despite its ban in use and trade, diclofenac was found to be in use in veterinary practices and was illegally kept for sale. The finding warrants an immediate concern, monitoring, awareness, and actions to curb the use and trade of this environmental poison for the recovery and conservation of Gyps vultures.

Author(s): Rabindra Kumar Mandal and Kapil Kishor Khadka