Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

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Hydatid disease of neck: Diagnostic challenges and review of literature

Hydatid cyst or Echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by tapeworm that occurs primarily in sheep grazing areas, but it is common worldwide because dog is a definitive host. It has serious impact on health and economy in the endemic countries. Hydatid disease is most frequently caused by E. granulosus and commonly affected organs are liver and lung. It is a chronic disease and cyst can be localized in different organs. A high index of suspicion is required to diagnose it in the neck region where other cystic benign lesions also exist. Treatment protocol for this disease is entirely different. Here we discuss a case and review different diagnostic tools as well as treatment options.

Author(s): Bhawana Pant, Sanjay Gaur, Anil Gangwar