Visceral leishmaniasis is a chronic disease of visceral manifestation caused by a protozoan of the Leishmania genus belonging to the Trypanosomatidae Family. The causative agent of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Brazil is Leishmania chagasi, a mandatory intracellular parasite parasite. The current study aimed at a quantitative retrospective approach on human visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil, according to data from a Ministry of Health platform, SINAN, reporting on the number of cases in the Brazilian states in January 2003 To December 2013. In the period established, Brazil had 36,658 cases, an average of 3,675 cases per year. The most endemic region is the Northeast, with 21,049 (47.14%) of the total confirmed cases in the Brazilian territory, followed by the Southeast (21.58%), North (20.35%) and Central West and South with 10, 81% and 0.12% respectively.