International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology

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Case Report - International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology (2019) Volume 7, Issue 1

GROSS ANATOMICAL STUDIES ON THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF THE ASIATIC ELEPHANT (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS)

The Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus) is a social and intelligent animal. The present investigation was conducted on the female genital system of an adult Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus) about 71 years of Pabitora wildlife Sanctuary Morigaon, Assam. The female reproductive system was consisted of ovary and female reproductive tract. In present investigation, oviduct, uterus and vagina were observed. The surface of the ovary contained sulcus and convolution, and looks like a woollen ball. The ovary was firm in touch and attached with mesovarium. The oviduct was composed of infundibulum, ampula and isthmus. The infundibulum was divided into two part i.e., funnel and tubular part. The isthmus was a narrow constricted part cranial to the horn of the uterus. The uterus of Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus) was bipartite type and consisted of horn of the uterus, body of the uterus and cervix. The inter cornual ligament was located between the two horns of the uterus. The broad ligament was attached to the female reproductive tract of Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus). The weight of the uterus was more compared to other part of the female reproductive tract.

Author(s): Mummun Sarma, Anil Deka, Sarma KK and Singh CK

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