Caralluma fimbriyata an edible succulent cactus is a perennial herb growing in dry parts of Tamil Nadu, India. It belongs to the family Apocynaceae. Caralluma have found medicinal uses in the treatment of Rheumatism, Diabetes, Leprosy, Antiseptics and Disinfectants. The main objective of the study is to observe the salient features exhibited by the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy the vibrational assignments, intensities and wave number of dominant peak were obtained from absorption spectra. Various functional groups like halogen, alkanes, carboxylic acid, aldehydes etc were identified by the various solvent extractions of Caralluma fimbriyata. This article attempts to reveal the use of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and at the same time creating interest among the prospective researcher in herbal analysis and this study creates a platform to screen many bio active components to treat various diseases.